Firinn Taisdeal


obdormition Numbness in a limb, often caused by constant pressure on nerves or lack of movement.
obiter dicta Translates as "something said in passing." It should be contrasted with the ratio decidendi. In essence it is the non-binding element of a judgment. It may still be cited as it could be a persuasive authority rather than binding precedent. It is sometimes shortened to either dicta or in obiter.
objurgation A harsh rebuke or criticism.
oblation Oblation, an offering [Late Latin oblatio, from offerre, oblatum, to offer], a term, particularly in ecclesiastical usage, for a solemn offering or presentation to God. It is thus applied to certain parts of the Eucharistic service in the Roman Church. The term is also used in the liturgy of some other churches (for example, the Church of England's Eucharistic Prayer).
oche A small barrier, behind or touching which a player's foot must be placed when throwing a dart.
octahedron A polyhedron with eight faces. A regular octahedron is a Platonic solid composed of eight equilateral triangles, four of which meet at each vertex.
octatonic scale An octatonic scale is any eight-note musical scale. Among the most famous of these is a scale in which the notes ascend in alternating intervals of a whole step and a half step, creating a symmetric scale. In classical theory, in contradistinction to jazz theory, this scale is commonly simply called the octatonic scale, although there are forty-two other non-enharmonically equivalent, non-transpositionally equivalent eight-tone sets possible. In jazz theory this scale is more particularly called the diminished scale, or symmetric diminished scale, because it can be conceived as a combination of two interlocking diminished seventh chords, just as the augmented scale can be conceived as a combination of two interlocking augmented triads.
oculate 1. Furnished with eyes. 2. Having spots or holes resembling eyes; ocellated.
odalisque An odalisque (Odalık) was a female slave in an Ottoman seraglio. She was an assistant or apprentice to the concubines and wives, and she might rise in status to become one of them. Most odalisques were part of the Imperial Harem, that is, the household, of the sultan.
oddment Something left over, such as a piece of cloth; a remnant or offcut; something unusual, an oddity.
odontology The branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth.
omertÓ A cultural attitude and code of honour that places heavy importance on a deep-rooted "code of silence," non-cooperation with authorities, and non-interference in the illegal (and legal) actions of others. It originated and remains very common in Corsica and Southern Italy where Mafia-type criminal organizations such as the Cosa Nostra, 'Ndrangheta, Sacra Corona Unita, and Camorra are strong.
ommatidium One of the radial elements composing a compound eye.
ondansetron Ondansetron (developed and first marketed by GlaxoSmithKline as Zofran) is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used mainly as an antiemetic to treat nausea and vomiting, often following chemotherapy.
oneiric Of or pertaining to dreams.
oneiromancy The belief that dreams could predict the future, or the act of predicting the future by analyzing dreams. Elements of oneiromantic belief may have influenced the genre of medieval dream visions, especially Biblical passages regarding divine premonitions appearing in the form of dreams.
onychophagia The practice of biting one's fingernails, esp. when done habitually and as a symptom of emotional disturbance.
ophicleide A keyed brass baritone bugle, now replaced by the tuba in orchestral music.
opisthenar The back of the hand.
orchideous 1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of the orchid family. 2. Suggesting ostentatious luxury; showy.
organdy A fine, transparent fabric made from cotton, and usually stiffened.
organoleptic Perceived by or perceptible by a sense organ.
orgone In the theories of Wilhelm Reich, a supposed excess sexual energy distributed throughout the universe and available for collection, storage, and further use.
oriel Projecting bay window corbeled or cantilevered out from a wall.
orthogonal 1. In mathematics, two vectors are orthogonal if they are perpendicular, i.e., they form a right angle. The word comes from the Greek ' (orthos), meaning "straight", and ' (gonia), meaning "angle." 2. Extraneous: not pertinent to the matter under consideration.
orthopraxy Orthopraxy is a term derived from Greek (ὀρθοπραξις) meaning "correct action/activity," and is a religion that places emphasis on conduct, both ethical and liturgical, as opposed to faith or grace etc. This contrasts with orthodoxy, emphasizing a correct belief, and the use of rituals.
OSCE 1. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections. 2. Objective Structured Clinical Examination. This is a clinical examination where candidates rotate through exam "stations" or simulated midwifery scenarios using actors and models and respond to the situation as they would in clinical practice.
oscitancy Drowsiness and dullness manifested by yawning.
osteopathy Osteopathy is a system of medicine based on the theory that disturbances in the musculoskeletal system affect other bodily parts, causing many disorders that can be corrected by body manipulation. Osteopaths also employ conventional medical, surgical, pharmacological, and therapeutic procedures.
otiose 1. Serving no practical purpose or result. 2. Indolent; idle.
oubliette A dungeon with the only entrance or exit being a trap door in the ceiling.
ouroboros A circular symbol depicting a snake, or less commonly a dragon, swallowing its tail, as an emblem of wholeness or infinity.
Overton window The Overton window is a political theory that describes as a narrow "window" the range of ideas the public will accept. On this theory, an idea's political viability depends mainly on whether it falls within that window rather than on politicians' individual preferences. It is named for its originator, Joseph P. Overton (1960-2003), a former vice president of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy. At any given moment, the "window" includes a range of policies considered politically acceptable in the current climate of public opinion, which a politician can recommend without being considered too extreme to gain or keep public office.
overweening Presumptuously arrogant; excessive: unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings.
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