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worddefinition
maidan An open space in or near a town.
mailloche Une mailloche appelée aussi cigogne ou parfois battes (en musique) est un maillet utilisé pour frapper différents instruments de percussions, par exemple la grosse caisse, le surdo ou le vibraphone. Différentes variétés de mailloches permettent d’obtenir des sons différents.
malapert An impudent or saucy person.
mallow A herbaceous plant with hairy stems, pink or purple flowers, and disk-shaped fruit. Several kinds are grown as ornamentals, and some are edible.
manchet Manchet, or manchette or michette (French), is a wheaten yeast bread of very good quality, or a small flat circular loaf of same. It was a bread that was small enough to be held in the hand or glove (see also manchette).
mandragora The mandrake, esp. when used as a narcotic.
manga The Japanese term for comic book. In Japan, manga are targeted at all age groups and cover a wide range of genres. This is in contrast to Western comics which are typically based around superhero themes.
mangosteen East Indian tree with thick leathery leaves and edible two- to three-inch tropical fruit with juicy flesh suggestive of both peaches and pineapples.
manqué Having failed to become what one might have been; unfulfilled.
mantic Divinatory: resembling or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy.
mantilla A mantilla is a lace or silk scarf worn over the head and shoulders, often over a high comb, popular with women in Spain. It is particularly associated with traditional devotional practices among women in Catholicism.
manualiter Of organ music, requiring the use of the manuals only.
marasmus Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. A child with marasmus looks emaciated. Body weight is reduced to less than 60% of the normal (expected) body weight for the age. Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein deficiency with adequate energy intake whereas marasmus is inadequate energy intake in all forms, including protein. Protein wasting in kwashiorkor may lead to edema. The prognosis is better than it is for kwashiorkor but half of severely malnourished children die due to unavailability of adequate treatment.
marimba A musical instrument originating in Africa but popularized and modified in Central America, consisting of a set of graduated wooden bars, often with resonators beneath to reinforce the sound, struck with mallets.
Mariolatry Excessive and proscribed veneration of the virgin Mary, especially in forms appropriate to God.
Maronite A member of a body of Uniats living chiefly in Lebanon who maintain a Syriac liturgy and a married clergy, and who are governed by the patriarch of Antioch.
marplot A meddlesome person whose activity interferes with the plans of others.
Marranism The secret practice of Judaism by the Marranos.
masoretic Relating to a body of notes on the textual traditions of the Hebrew Old Testament; compiled during the first millennium of the Christian era; traditional text of the Hebrew Bible.
maunder To speak in a disorganized or desultory manner; to babble or prattle; to wander or walk aimlessly.
maundering A rambling or pointless discourse.
mawkin 1. A slovenly woman. 2. A scarecrow.
maza The thicker end of the ham with the largest amount of lean meat, which is visible and ready to cut when the ham is placed with the hoof facing up.
métis In Greek mythology, Metis (Μῆτις, "wisdom," "skill," or "craft") was of the Titan generation and, like several primordial figures, an Oceanid, in the sense that Metis was born of Oceanus and Tethys, of an earlier age than Zeus and his siblings. Metis was the first great spouse of Zeus, indeed his equal (Hesiod, Theogony 896) and the mother of Athena, Zeus' first daughter, the goddess of war and wisdom. By the era of Greek philosophy in the fifth century BCE, Metis had become the goddess of wisdom and deep thought, but her name originally connoted "magical cunning" and was as easily equated with the trickster powers of Prometheus as with the "royal metis" of Zeus. The Stoic commentators allegorized Metis as the embodiment of "prudence", "wisdom" or "wise counsel", in which form she was inherited by the Renaissance. The Greek word metis meant a quality that combined wisdom and cunning. This quality was considered to be highly admirable and was regarded by Athenians as one of the notable characteristics of the Athenian character. Metis was the one who gave Zeus a potion to cause Cronus to vomit out Zeus' siblings.
meatus 1. An opening leading to the interior of the body. 2. The passage leading into the ear.
meed A fitting reward.
melissopalynology Melissopalynology is the study of pollen contained in honey and, in particular, the pollen's source. By studying the pollen in a sample of honey, it is possible to gain evidence of the geographical location and genus of the plants that the honey bees visited, although honey may also contain airborne pollens from anemophilous plants, spores, and dust due to attraction by the electrostatic charge of bees. Generally, melissopalynology is used to combat fraud and inaccurate labelling of honey. Information gained from the study of a given sample of honey (and pollen) is useful when substantiating claims of a particular source for the sample. Monofloral honey derived from one particular source plant may be more valuable than honey derived from many types of plants. The price of honey also varies according to the region from which it originates.
melos The rhythm, movement, and sound of words; the aspect of literature which is analogous to music, and often shows some actual relation to it.
mens rea A guilty mind, a conscious knowing by the perpetrator that the act he committed was illicit.
mercer A dealer in textiles, especially silks.
mereology In philosophy and mathematical logic, mereology treats parts and the wholes they form. Whereas set theory is founded on the membership relation between a set and its elements, mereology emphasizes the meronomic relation between entities, which from a set theoretic perspective is closer to that of inclusion between sets. Mereology has been axiomatized in various ways as applications of predicate logic to formal ontology, of which mereology is an important part. A common element of such axiomatizations is the assumption, shared with inclusion, that the part-whole relation orders its universe, meaning that everything is a part of itself (reflexivity), that a part of a part of a whole is itself a part of that whole (transitivity), and that two distinct entities cannot each be a part of the other (antisymmetry). A variant of this axiomatization denies that anything is ever part of itself (irreflexive) while accepting transitivity, from which antisymmetry follows automatically.
mesotendon The synovial layers that pass from a tendon to the wall of a tendon sheath in certain places where tendons lie within osteofibrous canals. In most instances, the mesotendon degenerates, leaving only the vinculae.
metanoia 1. Metanoia in the context of theological discussion, where it is used often, is usually interpreted to mean repentance. However, some people argue that the word should be interpreted more literally to denote changing one's mind, in the sense of embracing thoughts beyond its present limitations or thought patterns, an interpretation which is compatible with the denotative meaning of repentance but replaces its negative connotation with a positive one, focusing on the superior state being approached rather than the inferior prior state being departed from. 2. In the context of rhetoric, metanoia is a rhetorical device used to retract a statement just made, and then state it in a better way. As such, metanoia is similar to correctio.
metaplasia Abnormal change in the nature of a tissue.
metazoan Any animal that undergoes development from an embryo stage with three tissue layers, namely the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. The term applies to all animals except the sponges.
metonymy Metonymy is a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept.
mews 1. A row or street of houses or apartments that have been converted from stables or built to look like former stables. 2. A group of stables, typically with rooms above, built around a yard or along an alley.
microfundia Small plots of land, as opposed to latifundia.
micrology 1. The study of trivialities and minutiae. 2. That part of science which treats of microscopic objects, or depends on microscopic observation.
micromort A micromort is a unit of risk measuring a one-in-a-million probability of death. Micromorts can be used to measure riskiness of various day-to-day activities.
midrash The Hebrew term Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש‎; plural midrashim, "story" from "to investigate" or "study") also "Interpretation" or "Exposition" is a homiletic method of biblical exegesis. The term also refers to the whole compilation of homiletic teachings on the Bible. Midrash is a way of interpreting biblical stories that goes beyond simple distillation of religious, legal or moral teachings. It fills in many gaps left in the biblical narrative regarding events and personalities that are only hinted at. The original purpose of midrash was to resolve problems in the interpretation of difficult passages of the text of the Hebrew Bible, using Rabbinic principles of hermeneutics and philology to align them with the religious and ethical values of religious teachers. This method of interpretation was eventually expanded "to provide scriptural pretexts to justify oral tradition."
minatory Threatening, menacing.
minbar A minbar (also spelt mimbar or mimber) is a pulpit in the mosque where the imam (leader of prayer) stands to deliver sermons (khutbah خطبة ) or in the Hussainia where the speaker sits and lectures the congregation.
minyan A quorum of ten men over the age of 13 required for traditional Jewish public worship.
mirabile dictu Latin. Strange to say, marvelous to relate.
mis-cweman Old English "displease." Cweman means "to please."
Mishnah The Mishnah or Mishna (משנה, "repetition", from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review") is a major work of Rabbinic Judaism, and the first major redaction into written form of Jewish oral traditions, called the Oral Torah.
misophonia Misophonia, literally "hatred of sound," is a form of decreased sound tolerance. It is a neurological disorder characterized by negative experiences resulting only from specific sounds, whether loud or soft, and is often used interchangeably with the term Selective Sound Sensitivity. The term was coined by American neuroscientists Pawel Jastreboff and Margaret Jastreboff. Unlike hyperacusis, misophonia is specific for certain sounds. Little is known about the anatomical location of the physiological abnormality that causes such symptoms but it is most likely high central nervous system structures. It is believed to result from abnormally strong connections between the autonomic and limbic systems in the brain, rather than over-activity of the auditory system. A subcortical route within non-classical auditory pathways may be indicated in the condition. Misophonia appears to reflect the auditory symptoms of sensory processing disorder, which typically presents in multiple sensory modes, but more research is needed to understand if, or how the conditions may be related.
misqueme To displease or offend (obsolete).
Mithraism A religious cult of Eastern origin that flourished in the late Roman Empire, rivaling Christianity.
Mithridatization The practice of protecting oneself against a poison by gradually self-administering non-lethal amounts. The word derives from Mithridates VI, the King of Pontus, who so feared being poisoned that he regularly ingested small doses, aiming to develop immunity. Also referred to as Mithridatism.
modus vivendi Way of living; an informal and temporary arrangement to allow for resolution in spite of differences, esp. between two disputing political parties.
moider To toil; to muddle; to pester; to perplex or bewilder.
moil 1. To work hard; toil; drudge. 2. Toil or drudgery. 3. Confusion, turmoil or trouble. 4. A superfluous piece of glass formed during blowing and removed in the finishing operation.
moire Silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern.
monerans Monera are bacteria and other mostly tiny, single-celled organisms whose genetic material is loose in the cell.
monistic The doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element.
monocausalitis A human pathology in which the subject insists on perceiving only one cause within a complex, multivariate issue.
monody 1. In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death. (In the context of ancient Greek literature, monody, could simply refer to lyric poetry sung by a single performer, rather than by a chorus.) 2. Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment.
monopsony In economics, a monopsony is a market form in which only one buyer faces many sellers. It is an example of imperfect competition, similar to a monopoly, in which only one seller faces many buyers. As the only or majority purchaser of a good or service, the "monopsonist" may dictate terms to its suppliers in the same manner that a monopolist controls the market for its buyer.
monorchism The state of having only one testicle within the scrotum.
moose milk Moose milk, also known as elk milk, refers to milk produced by Alces alces. Though it is most commonly consumed by baby moose, its production has also been commercialised in Russia and Sweden.
morea The Morea (Greek: Μωρέας or Μωριάς, French: Morée, Italian: Morea, Turkish: Mora) was the name of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. It also referred to a Byzantine province in the region, known as the Despotate of Morea.
mosh pit An area where moshing occurs, esp. in front of the stage at a rock concert.
moshing Moshing is a dance in which participants push and/or slam into each other. They also flail their limbs to breakdowns of hardcore punk and its sub-genres. It is most associated with aggressive music genres, such as hardcore punk and heavy metal. It is primarily done to live music, although it can be done to recorded music.
moue Pout: a disdainful grimace.
mouflon Wild mountain sheep of Corsica and Sardinia. The mouflon (Ovis orientalis orientalis group) is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Populations of Ovis orientalis can be partitioned into the mouflons (orientalis group) and urials or arkars (vignei group).
mudsill The lowest sill of a structure, usually placed in or on the ground; a particularly low or dirty place/state; the nadir of something (see rock bottom).
mufti A mufti (Arabic: مفتي‎, muftī , Turkish: müftü) is a Sunni Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia). In religious administrative terms, a mufti is roughly equivalent to a deacon to a Sunni population. A muftiat or diyanet is a council of muftis.
mukhtar Elected head of government of a village or of a neighbourhood within a town.
mullion A mullion is a vertical structural element which divides adjacent window units. The primary purpose of the mullion is as a structural support to an arch or lintel above the window opening. Its secondary purpose may be as a rigid support to the glazing of the window. When used to support glazing, they are teamed with horizontal supporting elements called "transoms." In the commercial door industry, the term is also applied to a piece of hardware that divides the opening of a pair of doors.
murklins Obsolete: In the dark, as in: I stumbled murklins through the garage trying to find the light switch.
murrain Any of several highly infectious diseases of cattle such as anthrax.
muskellunge A large freshwater gamefish of the pike family, native to the lakes and rivers of eastern and middle western North America.
mussitation 1. Speech conducted in a hushed manner, akin to a whisper or a murmur. 2. A comatose patient's action of forming words with his lips without producing sound.
mutchkin The mutchkin (Scottish Gaelic: mùisgein) was a Scottish unit of measurement of liquids that was in use from at least 1661, (possibly 15th century), until the late 19th century. The word was derived from mutse, a mid 15th century Dutch measure of beer or wine. A mutchkin is equivalent to 424 ml.
myelography A type of radiographic examination that uses a contrast medium to detect pathology of the spinal cord, including the location of a spinal cord injury, cysts, and tumors.
mystagogue A person who initiates others into mystic beliefs, an educator or person who has knowledge of the Sacred Mysteries. Another word is Hierophant.
myxomatosis Myxomatosis (commonly called 'myxi') is a disease which affects rabbits. It is caused by the Myxoma virus. First observed in Uruguay in the late 1800s, it was deliberately introduced into Australia in 1950 in an attempt to control rabbit infestation and population there. It was introduced illegally to France in 1952 and as a result spread to the rest of Europe.
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