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kaftan An ankle length open bodiced gown with long, wide sleeves. Usually made from a very lightweight fabric such as muslin or cotton. North African in origin.
kakistocracy Government under the control of a nation's worst or least-qualified citizens.
Karakum The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara Gum ("Black Sand") (Turkmen: Garagum, Russian: Каракумы) is a desert in Central Asia. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan.
karst An area of limestone formations characterized by sinks, ravines and underground streams.
Kashan A city in the province of Isfahan, Iran.
kasutera cake A sponge cake made of sugar, flour, eggs, and starch syrup. It is a speciality of Nagasaki Japan, but the cake is originally from Spain. The name is believed to derive from a region called Castilla.
kaymak Kaymak, kajmak, kaimak or qeymağ, also geymar, gaimar, is a creamy dairy product, similar to clotted cream, made in the Balkans, Turkey, the Middle East, Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, and India. It is made from the milk of water buffalos in the East or of cows in the West.
kellet A weight that is attached along the anchor rode, to decrease the angle of pull to the anchor lying on the bottom, increasing the likelihood that the anchor will dig into the bottom.
kemenate Een Kemenate (lat. cemenata/caminus, Gronings: kemenoade) is een van een open haard en stenen schoorsteen voorziene kamer.
kenosis Kenosis is a Greek word for emptiness, which is used as a theological term. The ancient Greek word κένωσις kénōsis means an "emptying", from κενός kenós "empty". The word is mainly used, however, in a Christian theological context, for example Philippians 2:7, "Jesus made himself nothing (ἐκένωσε ekénōse) ..." (NIV) or "...he emptied himself..." (NRSV), using the verb form κενόω kenóō "to empty."
kerf The gap left when material is removed by a saw. The width of the kerf is equal to the set of the saw.
kerygma Preaching the gospel of Christ in the manner of the early church, as opposed to dogma, which develops later.
kexy The exact opposite of sexy.
khaki A dull, yellowish-brown colour, the colour of dust; sometimes confusingly used as an abbreviation of khaki green; a strong cloth of wool or cotton, often used for military uniforms, used as a school uniform color; being dust-coloured.
knacker A person in the trade of rendering animals that are unfit for human consumption, such as horses that can no longer work.
knez Kniaz', knyaz or knez is a Slavic title found in most Slavic languages, denoting a royal nobility rank. It is usually translated into English as either Prince or less commonly as Duke. In the Vatican, some Croatian knyazes were referred to as "Dux Croatorum."
knickerbockers Knickerbockers were a men's or boys' baggy knee trousers particularly popular in the early twentieth century.
knout (in imperial Russia) A whip used to inflict punishment, often causing death.
kolkhoze A kolkhoz (Russian: колхо́з​, Russian pronunciation: [kɐlˈxos]), plural kolkhozy, was a form of collective farming in the Soviet Union that existed along with state farms (sovkhoz, plural sovkhozy). The word is a contraction of коллекти́вное хозя́йство, or "collective farm", while sovkhoz is a contraction of советское хозяйство (literally, "Soviet farm"). Kolkhozy and sovkhozy were the two components of the so-called socialized farm sector that began to emerge in Soviet agriculture after the October Revolution of 1917 as an antithesis to individual or family farming.
Korybantes The Korybantes (Ancient Greek: Κορύβαντες) were the crested dancers who worshipped the Phrygian goddess Cybele with drumming and dancing. They are also called the Kurbantes in Phrygia, and Corybants in an older English transcription.
koshary Kushari, also koshary, kosheri or koshari, (Egyptian Arabic: كشرى‎‎, [ˈkoʃæɾi]) is an Egyptian dish of rice, lentils, chickpeas and macaroni topped with tomato sauce and fried onion. Also optionally, with garlic juice.
kurtosis In probability theory and statistics, kurtosis (from the Greek word κυρτός, kyrtos or kurtos, meaning bulging) is any measure of the "peakedness" of the probability distribution of a real-valued random variable. In a similar way to the concept of skewness, kurtosis is a descriptor of the shape of a probability distribution and, just as for skewness, there are different ways of quantifying it for a theoretical distribution and corresponding ways of estimating it from a sample from a population. There are various interpretations of kurtosis, and of how particular measures should be interpreted; these are primarily peakedness (width of peak), tail weight, and lack of shoulders (distribution primarily peak and tails, not in between).
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