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worddefinition
habnab Happening randomly, by chance.
haggis (Scottish) a steamed pudding made of finely minced sheep heart, lungs and liver
hagiolatry The worship of saints.
hake Any of several marine fishes of the genus Merluccius, closely related to the cods, esp. M. bilinearis, found off the New England coast.
halberd A weapon especially of the 15th and 16th centuries consisting typically of a battle-ax and pike mounted on a handle about six feet long.
haredi Haredi or Charedi/Chareidi Judaism is the most conservative form of Orthodox Judaism, often referred to as ultra-Orthodox. A follower of Haredi Judaism is called a Haredi (Haredim in the plural).
harmaline An alkaloid found in passion flower and other plants. Harmaline inhibits the action of the enzyme amine oxidase and acts as a central stimulant.
haruspex In ancient Rome, a religious official who interpreted omens by inspecting the entrails of sacrificial animals.
Hashemite Hashemite is the Latinate version of the Arabic: هاشمي (transliteration: Hāšimī) and traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or "clan of Hashim," a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. It also refers to an Arab dynasty whose original strength stemmed from the network of tribal alliances and blood loyalties in the Hejaz region of Arabia, along the Red Sea.
Hawthorne effect The Hawthorne effect is a form of reactivity whereby subjects improve or modify an aspect of their behavior being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they know they are being studied, not in response to any particular experimental manipulation. The term was coined in 1950 by Henry A. Landsberger when analyzing older experiments from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works (a Western Electric factory outside Chicago). Hawthorne Works had commissioned a study to see if its workers would become more productive in higher or lower levels of light. The workers' productivity seemed to improve when changes were made and slumped when the study was concluded. It was suggested that the productivity gain occurred due to the impact of the motivational effect on the workers as a result of the interest being shown in them. Although illumination research of workplace lighting formed the basis of the Hawthorne effect, other changes such as maintaining clean work stations, clearing floors of obstacles, and even relocating workstations resulted in increased productivity for short periods. Thus the term is used to identify any type of short-lived increase in productivity.
hebdomadal Weekly: of or occurring every seven days.
hebephrenic Suffering from a form of schizophrenia characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior.
hecatomb In Ancient Greece, a sacrifice to the gods of 100 cattle (hecaton = one hundred).
heckelphone The Heckelphone (German: Heckelphon) is a musical instrument invented by Wilhelm Heckel and his sons, introduced in 1904. It is a double reed instrument of the oboe family, but with a wider bore and hence a heavier and more penetrating tone. It is pitched an octave below the oboe and furnished with an additional semitone taking its range down to A. It was intended to provide a broad oboe-like sound in the middle register of the swollen orchestrations of the turn of the twentieth century. In the orchestral repertoire it is generally used as the bass of an oboe section incorporating the oboe and the cor anglais (English horn), filling the gap between the oboes and bassoons.
helicoid A minimal surface in the form of a flattened helix. The helicoid, after the plane and the catenoid, is the third minimal surface to be known. It was first discovered by Jean Baptiste Meusnier in 1776.
heliogravure One of the methods of gravure in which the printing form is made by using photographic and chemical processes. Heliogravure first appeared in the second half of the 19th century. The diapositive of the image is copied on paper that has a light-sensitive layer of gelatin (pigment paper). The copy is transferred to a copper plate covered with grains of asphalt, which form a screen. As a result of the development of the copy there appears on the plate a gelatinous relief of various thicknesses, depending on the degree of saturation of the colors of the image. Treatment with a ferric chloride solution results in the formation of deepened printing elements on the plate. The heliogravure method is distinguished by the high quality of reproduction. However, its productivity is low, and it has been replaced by gravure using a doctor blade.
heliotrope An instrument that uses a mirror to reflect sunlight over great distances to mark the positions of participants in a land survey. The heliotrope was invented by the German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss.
hellebore A poisonous herb of the lily family, from whose bodies a powder/extract can be obtained that acts as a cardiac and respiratory depressant and as an insecticide.
hemiola The articulation of two bars in triple time as if they were three bars in duple time.
hemiparesis The partial paralysis of one side of the body.
hemostatic Styptic: tending to check bleeding by contracting the tissues or blood vessels.
hemotrophe The nutritive substance supplied via the placenta to embryos of viviparous animals.
henbane 1. A coarse and poisonous Eurasian plant (Hyoscyamus niger) of the nightshade family, with sticky hairy leaves and an unpleasant smell. 2. A psychoactive drink prepared from this plant.
heptadecagon A 17-sided polygon. Also called a 17-gon.
heresiography A treatise on heresy.
hesychast A member of a school of quietist monks in fourteenth-century Greece and Byzantium.
heteroscedasticity In statistics, a collection of random variables is heteroscedastic if there are sub-populations that have different variabilities from others. Here "variability" could be quantified by the variance or any other measure of statistical dispersion. Thus heteroscedasticity is the absence of homoscedasticity. The existence of heteroscedasticity is a major concern in the application of regression analysis, including the analysis of variance, as it can invalidate statistical tests of significance that assume that the modelling errors are uncorrelated and uniform–hence that their variances do not vary with the effects being modeled. For instance, while the ordinary least squares estimator is still unbiased in the presence of heteroscedasticity, it is inefficient because the true variance and covariance are underestimated. Similarly, in testing for differences between sub-populations using a location test, some standard tests assume that variances within groups are equal. Because heteroscedasticity concerns expectations of the second moment of the errors, its presence is referred to as misspecification of the second order.
heterotrophic Describes an organism that obtains its energy through consuming other organisms.
hibernaculum 1. The place where a hibernating animal (mammal or insect) shelters for the winter. 2. A bud, case, or protective covering that a plant uses to survive the challenging environmental conditions during a dormancy period. 3. A structure made by some caterpillars in which they overwinter. Often it consists of a leaf rolled and tied with silk.
hieratic Relating and appropriate to sacred persons or duties; also designates a style in art that bespeaks adherence to religious styles or conventional depictions or methods.
hierophant A person, especially a priest in ancient Greece, who interprets sacred mysteries or esoteric principles.
hierophany The term "hierophany" (from the Greek roots "ἱερός" (hieros), meaning "sacred" or "holy," and "φαίνειν" (phainein) meaning "to reveal" or "to bring to light") signifies a manifestation of the sacred.
high hat Cymbal operated by a foot pedal.
holarctic Occurring in the temperate regions of the entire Northern Hemisphere.
holophrastic 1. (of a sentence) Consisting of a single word, such as "Go" or "Whatever." 2. Pertaining to the stage of development where a child produces simple one-word utterances.
holotropic Holotropic Breathwork is a practice that uses breathing and other elements to allow access to non-ordinary states for the purpose of self-exploration. It was developed by Stanislav Grof, M.D., Ph.D. and Christina Grof, Ph.D. Holotropic breathing has some similarities to rebirthing-breathwork, but was developed independently. Holotropic Breathwork is intended as an approach to self-exploration and healing that integrates insights from modern consciousness research, anthropology, various depth psychologies, transpersonal psychology, Eastern spiritual practices, and mystical traditions of the world. The term holotropic means "moving toward wholeness" (from the Greek ὅλος holos "whole" and τρέπειν trepein "to turn or direct towards a thing").
holystone A piece of soft sandstone used for scouring the decks of ships.
homiletic Of or relating to a homily, or to homiletics.
homocentric 1. Concentric: having a common center. 2. Reflecting a view of nature that only considers human, rather than plant or animal, needs.
hooch An illicitly distilled (and usually inferior) alcoholic liquor.
hoodoo 1. A column of weathered and unusually shaped rock. 2. A charm superstitiously believed to embody magical powers. 3. Something believed to bring bad luck.
hormesis Hormesis (from Greek hórmēsis "rapid motion, eagerness," from ancient Greek hormáein "to set in motion, impel, urge on") is the term for generally favorable biological responses to low exposures to toxins and other stressors. A pollutant or toxin showing hormesis thus has the opposite effect in small doses as in large doses. A related concept is Mithridatism, which refers to the willful exposure to toxins in an attempt to develop immunity against them. Hormetics is the term proposed for the study and science of hormesis. In toxicology, hormesis is a dose response phenomenon characterized by a low dose stimulation, high dose inhibition, resulting in either a J-shaped or an inverted U-shaped dose response. Such environmental factors that would seem to produce positive responses have also been termed "eustress." The hormesis model of dose response is vigorously debated. The notion that hormesis is important for chemical risks regulations is not widely accepted. The biochemical mechanisms by which hormesis works are not well understood. It is conjectured that low doses of toxins or other stressors might activate the repair mechanisms of the body. The repair process fixes not only the damage caused by the toxin, but also other low-level damage that might have accumulated before without triggering the repair mechanism.
horripilate Have one's hair stand on end and get goosebumps; "I horripilate when I see violence on television."
hoyden 1. A rude, uncultured or rowdy girl or woman. 2. Like a hoyden: high-spirited and boisterous; saucy, tomboyish.
hunkerism Excessive conservatism; hostility to progress.
hydronic Referring to the use of water as the heat-transfer medium in heating and cooling systems.
hylic Hylic (from Greek ὑλή (hylē) "matter") is the opposite of psychic (from Greek ψυχή (psychē) \"soul\"). In modern usage "hylic" refers to anything that is slanted toward the thought of any illusory concept, or that which gives an unbalanced view of life. It does not just refer to things slanted toward materialistic pursuits but to anything that is out of order with the rhythm of nature. Nature, in this context, refers to anything that is in harmony with the Divine Law, the Living Word. It is the One Law of the Cosmos and covers all bases spiritually, mentally and physically. Modern usage also defines matter as not necessarily being that which is seen, felt or tasted. Quantum Physics defines matter much differently than did Newton or the old Gnostics, so hylic would not fit into the old Gnostic ideas in this modern age.
hylozoism The philosophical doctrine holding that all matter has life, which is a property or derivative of matter.
hyperemesis gravidarum Extreme, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that can lead to dehydration.
hyperreflexia Excessive response of muscle reflexes when a normal stimulus is applied.
hyperthermophile An organism that lives and thrives in an extremely hot environment, such as a deep sea smoker vent; often a member of the Archaea.
hypertrophy The increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It is distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but increase in number.
hypnopompic A hypnopompic state (or hypnopomp) is the state of consciousness leading out of sleep, a term coined by the spiritualist Frederick Myers. Its twin is the hypnagogic state at sleep onset; though often conflated, the two states are not identical.
hypocaust A hollow space under the floor of an ancient Roman building, into which hot air was sent for heating a room or bath.
hypocorism A hypocorism (from Greek ὑποκορίζεσθαι hypokorizesthai, "to use child-talk") is a shorter or diminutive form of a word or given name, for example, when used in more intimate situations as a nickname or term of endearment.
hypomania Hypomania (literally, below mania) is a mood state characterized by persistent and pervasive elevated or irritable mood, and thoughts and behaviors that are consistent with such a mood state. People experiencing hypomanic symptoms typically have a flight of ideas, a decreased need for sleep and/or rest, are extremely outgoing and daring, and have a great deal of energy. However, unlike full-blown mania, those with hypomanic systems are generally fully functioning. Specifically, it is distinguished from mania by the absence of psychotic symptoms and by its lower degree of impact on functioning. Hypomania is a feature of two mood disorders: bipolar II disorder and cyclothymia, but can also occur in schizoaffective disorder. Hypomania is sometimes credited with increasing creativity and productive energy. A number of people with creative talents have reportedly experienced hypomania or other symptoms of bipolar disorder and attribute their success to it. Classic symptoms of hypomania include mild euphoria, a flood of ideas, endless energy, and a desire and drive for success.
hypostasis Underlying state or underlying substance. It is the fundamental reality that supports all else. Neoplatonists argue that behind the surface phenomena that present themselves to our senses are three higher spiritual principles or hypostases, each one more sublime than the preceding.
hypostatization Reification (also known as hypostatisation, concretism, or the fallacy of misplaced concreteness) is a fallacy of ambiguity, when an abstraction (abstract belief or hypothetical construct) is treated as if it were a concrete, real event, or physical entity.
hypothymia Abnormally diminished emotional tone, as in depression.
hypsithermal limit The maximum amount of energy that may be released at Earth's surface, as a result of human technological activities, without significantly altering the natural global energy balance; estimated as 10^13-10^15 watts.
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