Firinn Taisdeal


ecbolic Inducing contractions of the uterus leading to expulsion of a fetus.
ecclesiology Ecclesiology (from Greek ἐκκλησίᾱ, ekklēsiā, "congregation, church"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of the theological understanding of the Christian church.
eclogue A poem in which shepherds converse.
ecru The shade greyish-pale yellow or a light greyish-yellowish brown. It is often used to describe such fabrics as silk and linen in their unbleached state. Ecru comes from the French word écru, which means literally "raw" or "unbleached."
ecumene 1. Ecumene (also spelled œcumene or oikoumene) is a term originally used in the Greco-Roman world to refer to the inhabited earth (or at least the known part of it). The Greek term is the feminine present middle participle of the verb οἰκέω (oikéō, "to inhabit") and is a clipped form of οἰκουμένη γῆ (oikouménē gē, "inhabited world"). In modern connotations it refers either to the projection of a united Christian Church or to world civilizations. 2. A term used by geographers to mean inhabited land. It generally refers to land where people have made their permanent home, and to all work areas that are considered occupied and used for agricultural or any other economic purpose. Thus, there can be various types of ecumenes, each having their own unique characteristics (population ecumene, agricultural ecumene, industrial ecumene, etc.).
ecumenicalism The belief that there should be better understanding and closer co-operation between different denominations in the Christian Church.
effulgent Shining brightly; radiant.
eicastic Imitative.
eidolon In ancient Greek literature, an eidolon (Greek εἴδωλον: "image, idol, double, apparition, phantom, ghost") is a spirit-image of a living or dead person; a shade or phantom look-alike of the human form. The concept of Helen of Troy's eidolon was explored both by Homer and Euripides. However, where Homer uses the concept as a free-standing idea which gives Helen life after death, Euripides entangles it with the idea of kleos, one being the product of the other. Both Euripides and Stesichorus, in their respective works concerning the Trojan War, claim that Helen was never physically present in the city at all.
eigenvalue In mathematics, eigenvalue, eigenvector, and eigenspace are related concepts in the field of linear algebra. Eigenvalues, eigenvectors and eigenspaces are properties of a matrix. They are computed by an algebraic method, give important information about the matrix, and can be used in matrix factorization. They have applications in areas of applied mathematics as diverse as economics and quantum mechanics.
Einstellung effect The Einstellung effect is the negative effect of previous experience when solving new problems. Often called a problem solving set, Einstellung refers to a person's predisposition to solve a given problem in a specific manner even though there are "better" or more appropriate methods of solving the problem. The Einstellung effect has been tested experimentally in many different contexts. The most famous example (which led to Luchins and Luchins' coining of the term) is the Luchins' water jar experiment, in which subjects were asked to solve a series of water jar problems. After solving many problems which had the same solution, subjects applied the same solution to later problems even though a simpler solution existed.
embrangle Snarl: make more complicated or confused through entanglements.
emmenagogue Herbs which stimulate blood flow in the pelvic area and uterus; some stimulate menstruation. Women have used plants such as mugwort, parsley, chamomile and ginger to cause an abortion or prevent pregnancy (see Abortifacient). Others use emmenagogues to stimulate menstrual flow when menstruation is absent for reasons other than pregnancy, such as hormonal disorders or conditions like oligomenorrhea (infrequent or light menses).
emmer An old kind of Eurasian wheat with bearded ears and spikelets that each contain two grains, now grown mainly for fodder and breakfast cereals.
empathogenic Of or pertaining to a chemical agent that induces feelings of empathy.
empressement Animated cordiality.
Enantiodromia Enantiodromia (Greek: ἐνάντιος, enantios, opposite + δρόμος, dromos, running course) is a principle introduced by psychiatrist Carl Jung that the superabundance of any force inevitably produces its opposite. It is equivalent to the principle of equilibrium in the natural world, in that any extreme is opposed by the system in order to restore balance. Though "enantiodromia" was coined by Jung, it is implied in the writings of Heraclitus. In fr. 126, for example, Heraclitus says "cold things warm, warm things cool, wet things dry and parched things get wet." It also seems implicit in other of his sayings, like "war is father of all, king of all" (fr. 53), "they do not know that the differing/opposed thing agrees with itself; harmony is reflexive (παλίντροπος palintropos, used of a compound bow, or "in reflexive tension"), like the bow and the lyre" (fr. 51). In these passages and others the idea of the coincidence of opposites is clearly articulated in Heraclitus' characteristic riddling style, as well as the dynamic motion back and forth between the two, generated especially by opposition and conflict.
enantiomer In chemistry, an enantiomer (from the Greek ἐνάντιος, opposite, and μέρος, part or portion) is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are "non-superposable," much as one's left and right hands are "the same" but opposite.
enceinte Enceinte (From Latin en, "within" and cinctus, "girdled"; to be distinguished from the Latin word meaning "pregnant", from in, not, and cinctus, i.e. with girdle loosened), is a French term used technically in fortification for the inner ring of fortifications surrounding a town.
encephalization quotient A rough estimate of the possible intelligence of an organism. It can be defined as the ratio of the actual brain weight to the expected brain weight of a typical animal that size.
encomium Latin word deriving from the Classical Greek ἐγκώμιον (encomion) meaning the praise of a person or thing.
encratite The Encratites ("self-controlled") were an ascetic second century sect of Christians who forbade marriage and counselled abstinence from meat.
endogenous Generated by internal factors, as opposed to outside (exogenous) factors. Endogenous effects include for example technological change or economies of scale.
enneatic Occurring once in every nine times, days, years, etc.; every ninth.
enology Oenology (BrE), or enology (AmE) is the science and study of all aspects of wine and winemaking except vine-growing and grape-harvesting, which is a subfield called viticulture. "Viticulture & oenology" is a common designation for training programs and research centres that include both the "outdoors" and "indoors" aspects of wine production. An expert in the field of oenology is known as an oenologist. The word oenology is derived from the Greek οἶνος - oinos, "wine," and λόγος - logos, "word" or "speech."
entablature An entablature (/ɛnˈtæblətʃər/; nativization of Italian intavolatura, from in "in" and tavola "table") refers to the superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals. Entablatures are major elements of classical architecture, and are commonly divided into the architrave (the supporting member carried from column to column, pier or wall immediately above), the frieze (an unmolded strip that may or may not be ornamented), and the cornice (the projecting member below the pediment).
entactogen The terms empathogen and entactogen are used to describe a class of psychoactive drugs that produce distinctive emotional and social effects similar to those of MDMA ("Ecstasy"). Putative members of this class include MDMA, MDA, MDEA, MBDB, and AET, among others.
entelechy Entelechy (La. entelechia, from Gk. ἐντελέχεια, entelécheia) is, according to Aristotle, the condition of something whose essence is fully realized; actuality. In some modern philosophical systems it is a vital force that motivates and guides an organism toward self-fulfillment.
entheogen 1. An entheogen ("creates god within," en εν- "in, within," theo θεος- "god, divine," -gen γενος "creates, generates"), in the strict sense, is a psychoactive substance used in a religious, shamanic or spiritual context. 2. Psychoactive substance used for the purpose of inducing a mystical or spiritual experience.
entrecôte A steak sliced from between the ribs of a rib roast cut.
entrepôt A warehouse, depot; a commercial center, a place where merchandise is sent for additional processing and distribution.
entresuelo Piso entre el bajo y el principal de un edificio.
epanorthosis An epanorthosis is a figure of speech that signifies emphatic word replacement. "Seems, madam! Nay, it is." More often however, epanorthosis signifies immediate and emphatic self-correction, and as such often follows a Freudian slip (either accidental or deliberate).
eparche A geographical area under the jurisdiction of a bishop in an Orthodox church.
ephebe 1. A young man, especially an 18-20 year old in ancient Greece undergoing military training. 2. A characteristically Greek paramilitary youth organisation, usually for young men in their late teens or very early twenties, which combined military training with cultural education. The Ephebate often formed the final stage of formal education before the young man became a full citizen. 3. A genus of lichen within the Lichinaceae family. The genus contains 12 species.
epicycle 1. A circle that rolls around (inside or outside) another circle; generates an epicycloid or hypocycloid. 2. In the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the epicycle (literally: on the circle in Greek) was a geometric model used to explain the variations in speed and direction of the apparent motion of the Moon, Sun, and planets.
epigenesis Describes the developmental process whereby each successive stage of normal development is built up on the foundations created by the preceding stages of development; an embryo is built up from a zygote, a seedling from an embryo, and so on.
epigenome The epigenome is the overall epigenetic state of a cell. As one embryo can generate a multitude of cell fates during development, one genome could be said to give rise to many epigenomes.
epigone 1. a follower or disciple 2. an imitator of a well known artist or their style
epigraphy Epigraphy (from the Greek: ἐπιγραφή epi-graphē, literally "on-writing", "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; that is, the science of identifying the graphemes and of classifying their use as to cultural context and date, elucidating their meaning and assessing what conclusions can be deduced concerning the writing and the writers.
epileptologist A neurologist with specialty training in epilepsy.
epilogism Epilogism is a style of inference invented by the ancient Empiric school of medicine. It is a theory-free method of looking at history by accumulating fact with minimal generalization and being conscious of the side effects of making causal claims. Epilogism is an inference which moves entirely within the domain of visible and evident things, trying not to invoke unobservables.
epimer In chemistry, epimers are diastereomers that differ in configuration of only one stereogenic center. Diastereomers are a class of stereoisomers that are non-superposable, non-mirror images of one another.
epinosis 1. A morbid condition subordinate to an original and primary illness. 2. A secondary illness or disorder exploited by the patient to gain relief from the primary affliction and to obtain further sympathy.
epistemology The philosophical theory of knowledge.
epistrophe Epistrophe (Greek: ἐπιστροφή, "return") is the repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences. It is also known as epiphora and occasionally as antistrophe. It is a figure of speech and the counterpart of anaphora. It is an extremely emphatic device because of the emphasis placed on the last word in a phrase or sentence.
equable 1. unvarying, calm and steady; constant and uniform. 2. (of temperature) free from extremes of heat or cold. 3. (of emotions, etc.) not easily disturbed; tranquil.
equant 1. A sphere that is centered at the center of the universe, but whose motion varies irregularly as if it were centered at another spot, called the equant point. 2. Equant (or Punctum aequans) is a mathematical concept developed by Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD to account for the observed motion of heavenly bodies.
equerry 1. An official charged with the care of the horses of princes or nobles. 2. A personal attendant of the British royal family.
equinoctial 1. Relating to the vicinity of the equator. 2. Relating to an equinox.
equiponderant Of the same weight; evenly balanced.
erastian Relating to the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters.
erethism 1. Excessive sensitivity or rapid reaction to stimulation of a part of the body, esp. the sexual organs. 2. A state of abnormal mental excitement or irritation.
ergodicity 1. Of or related to certain systems that, given enough time, will eventually return to previously experienced state; of or relating to a process in which every sequence or sample of sufficient size is equally representative of the whole. 2. An attribute of stochastic systems; generally, a system that tends in probability to a limiting form that is independent of the initial conditions. 3. The property of a dynamical system such that all regions of a state space are visited with similar frequency and that all regions will be revisited (within a small proximity) if given enough time.
ergophobia Ergophobia or ergasiophobia is an abnormal and persistent fear of work (manual labor, non-manual labour, etc.) or finding employment. Ergophobia may also be a subset of either social phobia or performance anxiety. Sufferers of ergophobia experience undue anxiety about the workplace environment even though they realize their fear is irrational.
ergotism Ergotism is the effect of long-term ergot poisoning, traditionally due to the ingestion of the alkaloids produced by the Claviceps purpurea fungus which infects rye and other cereals, and more recently by the action of a number of ergoline-based drugs.
eruct To burp or belch.
escallop To bake (food cut in pieces) in a sauce or other liquid, often with crumbs on top; scallop.
eschatology Eschatology (from the Greek ἔσχατος, Eschatos meaning "last" and -logy meaning "the study of") is a part of theology and philosophy concerned with what is believed to be the final events in the history of the world, or the ultimate destiny of humanity, commonly referred to as the end of the world.
esculent Edible or fit for eating.
espadrille Espadrilles are normally casual flat, but sometimes high heeled shoes originating from the Pyrenees. They usually have a canvas or cotton fabric upper and a flexible sole made of rope or rubber material moulded to look like rope. The jute rope sole is the defining characteristic of an espadrille; the uppers vary widely in style. In French Canada, however, espadrille is the usual term for running shoes or sneakers.
ethnarch Ethnarch, the anglicized form of ethnarches (Greek: ἐθνάρχης) refers generally to political leadership over a common ethnic group or heterogeneous kingdom. The word is derived from the Greek words ἔθνος (ethnos, "tribe/nation") and ἄρχων (archon, "leader/ruler").
ethnogenesis Ethnogenesis (from the Greek ethnos ἔθνος, "group of people" or "nation", and genesis γένεσις, "origin, birth", pl. ethnogeneses) is the process by which a group of human beings comes to be understood or to understand themselves as ethnically distinct from the wider social landscape from which their grouping emerges. By self-invention, ethnic groups are "present at their own creation," in the phrase of E. P. Thompson. This recognition of culture creation has caused some historians to place traditional teleological nation-building narratives into the framework of legend, when they were once uncritically accepted as historical facts.
ethnonym An ethnonym (from the ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is the name applied to a given ethnic group.
ethology The scientific study of animal behavior, particularly with regard to habitat.
eudaemonia Wellbeing: a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous.
eukaryote Any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms, of the taxonomic domain Eukaryota, whose cells contain at least one distinct nucleus.
eulogium Eulogy: a formal expression of praise for someone who has died recently.
euphuistic An affectedly elegant literary style of the late 16th and early 17th centuries, characterized by elaborate alliteration, antitheses, and similes.
eutectic Of greatest fusibility: said of an alloy whose melting point is lower than that of any other alloy or mixture of the same ingredients.
evangelicals Evangelicalism is a Protestant Christian movement which began in Great Britain in the 1730s. Most adherents consider its key characteristics to be: a belief in the need for personal conversion (or being "born again"); some expression of the gospel in effort; a high regard for Biblical authority; and an emphasis on the death and resurrection of Jesus. David Bebbington has termed these four distinctive aspects conversionism, activism, biblicism, and crucicentrism, saying, "Together they form a quadrilateral of priorities that is the basis of Evangelicalism."
ewer Pitcher: an open vessel with a handle and a spout for pouring.
Ex aequo et bono Ex aequo et bono (Latin for "according to the right and good" or "from equity and conscience") is a phrase derived from Latin that is used as a legal term of art. In the context of arbitration, it refers to the power of the arbitrators to dispense with consideration of the law and consider solely what they consider to be fair and equitable in the case at hand. Article 38(2) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) provides that the court may decide cases ex aequo et bono, but only where the parties agree thereto. In 1984 the ICJ decided a case using "equitable criteria" in creating a boundary in the Gulf of Maine for Canada and the US. Article 33 of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law's Arbitration Rules (1976) provides that the arbitrators shall consider only the applicable law, unless the arbitral agreement allows the arbitrators to consider ex aequo et bono, or amiable compositeur, instead. This rule is also expressed in many national and subnational arbitration laws, for example s. 22 of the Commercial Arbitration Act 1984 (NSW). On the other hand, the constituent treaty of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission explicitly forbids this body to interpret ex aequo et bono.
ex gratia As a favour; given as a gift.
ex parte An ex parte decision is one decided by a judge without requiring all of the parties to the controversy to be present. In Australian, Canadian, U.K., South African, Indian and U.S. legal doctrines, ex parte means a legal proceeding brought by one person in the absence of and without representation or notification of other parties. It is also used more loosely to refer to improper unilateral contacts with a court, arbitrator or represented party without notice to the other party or counsel for that party.
exarch In the Byzantine Empire, an exarch, from Greek (exarchos), was governor with extended authority of a province at some remove from the capital.
excipient A pharmacologically inactive substance used as a carrier for the active ingredients of a medication. In many cases, an "active" substance (such as acetylsalicylic acid) may not be easily administered and absorbed by the human body; in such cases the substance in question may be dissolved into or mixed with an excipient.
exclave 1. A portion of a country's territory not connected to the main part. 2. A detached part of an organ, as of the pancreas, thyroid, or other gland.
exequatur An exequatur is a patent which a head of state issues to a foreign consul which guarantees the consul's rights and privileges of the office and ensures recognition in the state to which the consul is appointed to exercise such powers.
exfiltration In computer security, an unauthorized release of data from within a computer system.
exigent 1. Urgent; needing immediate action. 2. Demanding; needing great effort.
exiguous Extremely scanty; meager.
exoculate To deprive of eyes; blind.
exogamy 1. The custom of marrying outside a community, clan, or tribe. 2. The fusion of reproductive cells from distantly related or unrelated individuals; outbreeding; cross-pollination.
exogenous Exogenous (or exogeneous) (from the Greek words "exo" and "gen", meaning "outside" and "production") refers to an action or object coming from outside a system. It is the opposite of endogenous, something generated from within the system.
expatiate To range at large, or without restraint; to write or speak at length; to be copious in argument or discussion, to descant; to expand; to spread; to extend; to diffuse; to broaden.
extravasate To force out or cause to escape from a proper vessel or channel.
exungulate To pare off, as nails, the hoof, etc.
exuviae The coverings of an animal that have been shed or cast off, particularly the molted exoskeletons of arthropods; Roman military term for weaponry and equipment stripped from the person of a foe; booty.
eyeshine The reflected light from the eye of an animal.
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