Firinn Taisdeal


cacophemism In language, dysphemism (from the Greek dys δύς "mis-" and pheme φήμη "reputation"), malphemism (in Latin malus "bad"), and cacophemism (in Greek kakos κακός "bad") refer to the usage of an intentionally harsh word or expression instead of a polite one; they are rough opposites of euphemism.
cacozealous Imitating badly; poorly affected.
cadge Mooch; ask for and get free; be a parasite.
cadi A civil judge in Arabic, Persian or Turkish countries
caftan A kaftan or caftan (from Persian خفتان) is a man's cotton or silk cloak buttoned down the front, with full sleeves, reaching to the ankles and worn with a sash.
caique A caïque (Greek: καΐκι, kaiki, from Turkish: kayık), is the term for a wooden fishing boat usually found among the waters of the Ionian or Aegean Seas, and also a light skiff used on the Bosporus. It is traditionally a small wooden trading vessel, brightly painted and rigged for sail. The caïque is also a typical case of positioning the beam far aft, with a long sharp bow.
caisson 1. A two-wheeled military vehicle carrying artillery ammunition. 2. A chest to hold ammunition. 3. A large watertight chamber used for construction under water.
calamansi Calamondin or Kalamansi (Kapampangan: kalamunding, scientific name Citrofortunella microcarpa) is a fruit tree in the family Rutaceae and a member of citrofortunella that was developed in and is very popular throughout Southeast Asia, especially the Philippines.
calcar A spur on the inner side of a bat's ankle that helps support the wing membrane.
Caledonia The Latin name given by the Roman Empire to a northern area of the island of Great Britain. The modern use of Caledonia in English and Scots is as a romantic or poetic name for Scotland.
calends The Calends (Latin Kalendae "the called," gen. plural -arum), correspond to the first days of each month of the Roman calendar.,
callosity An especially toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation.
camarilla 1. A group of courtiers or favourites which surrounds a king or ruler. Usually, they do not hold any office or have any official authority but influence their ruler behind the scenes. Consequently, they also escape having to bear responsibility for the effects of their advice. 2. A secret, usually sinister, group of conspiring advisors close to the leadership; a cabal.
cambric A finely woven white linen.
cameline A very common sauce containing cinnamon.
cancrine Of, or pertaining to crabs.
candiru A small bloodsucking catfish which inhabits Amazonia, known for entering mammalian bodily orifices.
canthus Either of the corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet.
cantilena A vocal melody or instrumental passage in a smooth, lyrical style.
cantillation Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Bible in synagogue services.
capelin The capelin or caplin, Mallotus villosus, is a small forage fish of the smelt family found in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans.
capitulary Of or pertaining to an ecclesiastical chapter; "capitular estates."
capsicum Paprika, red pepper and cayenne pepper, as well as chillies and "bell" peppers all come from the large Capsicum pepper family. This extensive family encompasses the mild "sweet" or "bell" pepper to the hottest "chili" peppers which are often ground up to make "hot" condiments.
captious Tending to find fault or raise petty objections.
carabao (Filipino: kalabaw; Malay: kerbau) Bubalus bubalis carabanesis, a domesticated subspecies of the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) found in the Philippines, Guam, and various parts of Southeast Asia.
caravansary (in the Near East) An inn, usually with a large courtyard, for the overnight accomodation of caravans.
carbolated Impregnated with carbolic acid.
carboy A large, globular glass bottle, especially one of green glass, encased in basket work or in a box and used to hold corrosive liquids.
carding The process of preparing the fibres of cotton, wool, etc., for spinning.
carnarium Described by several classical authors usually in a culinary context, a carnarium was a framework with hooks upon which provisions could be hung, particularly joints of meat.
carnassial (of teeth) Adapted for shearing flesh.
carrure Arrêt d'une phrase mélodique. Dans la musique européenne, on trouve généralement des carrures de 4 mesures.
carter A person who transports goods on a horse-drawn cart.
cartouche A cartouche (also cartouch) is an oval or oblong design with a slightly raised surface, typically edged with ornamental scrollwork. It is used to hold a painted or low relief design.
cassia 1. Any of several tropical leguminous plants, of the genus Cassia, used medicinally as senna. 2. A spice (similar to cinnamon) made from the bark of the Chinese cinnamon, Cinnamomum aromaticum.
castrum The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position. The word appears in both Oscan and Umbrian (dialects of Italic) as well as in Latin.
casuistry 1. The process of answering moral or ethical questions via interpretation of rules of ethics or cases that illustrate such rules. 2. Rationalization, that is, a bogus argument designed to defend an action or feeling.
catabasis Katabasis, or catabasis, (from Greek κατὰ, "down" βαίνω "go") is a descent of some type. Katabasis may be a moving downhill, a sinking of winds, a military retreat, or a trip to the underworld. It may also mean a trip from the interior of a country down to the coast, and has related meanings in poetry, rhetoric, and modern psychology.
catachresis The use of a word in a context that differs from its proper application. This figure is generally considered a vice; however, Quintilian defends its use as a way by which one adapts existing terms to applications where a proper term does not exist.
catalectic (of a line of verse) Lacking the last part of a foot; metrically incomplete.
catallaxy Catallaxy or Catallactics is an alternative expression for the word "Economy." Whereas the word Economy suggests that people in a community possess a common and congruent set of values and goals, Catallaxy suggests that the emergent properties of a market (prices, division of labor, growth, etc.) are the outgrowths of the diverse and disparate goals of the individuals in a community.
catamite A catamite is the younger partner in a pederastic relationship between two males, which was a popular arrangement in many areas of the ancient world.
cataphract Defensive armor used for the entire body and often for the horse also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.
cataplasm Another term for poultice.
catarchic astrology Catarchic astrology, so called from a Greek word meaning ''beginning,'' looks for the astrologically opportune moment to launch an enterprise.
catarrh Catarrh is a thick exudate of mucus and white blood cells caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes in the head in response to an infection.
catchment Any structure or land feature which catches and holds water.
category error A semantic or ontological error by which a property is ascribed to a thing that could not possibly have that property. Example: "Most bananas are atheists."
catenary In physics and geometry, the catenary is the theoretical shape of a hanging flexible chain or cable when supported at its ends and acted upon by a uniform gravitational force (its own weight) and in equilibrium.
catenoid A catenoid is a three-dimensional shape made by rotating a catenary curve around the axis. Not counting the plane, it is the first minimal surface to be discovered. It was found and proved to be minimal by Leonhard Euler in 1744. Early work on the subject was published also by Meusnier.
cathexis 1. The investment of emotional significance in an activity, object or idea. 2. The charge of psychic energy so invested.
catoptrics Catoptrics deals with the phenomena of reflected light and image-forming optical systems using mirrors. From the Greek κατοπτρικός (specular).
celesta The celesta (pronounced /sɨˈlɛstə/) or celeste (pronounced /sɨˈlɛst/) is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard. Its appearance is similar to that of an upright piano (four- or five-octave) or of a large wooden music box (three-octave).
cenobite A member of a religious order living in common.
centroid In geometry, the centroid, geometric center, or barycenter of a plane figure or two-dimensional shape X is the intersection of all straight lines that divide X into two parts of equal moment about the line. Informally, it is the "average" of all points of X.
centromere A centromere is a region of DNA typically found near the middle of a chromosome where two identical sister chromatids come in contact. It is involved in cell division as the point of mitotic spindle.
cephalon In trilobites, the head shield bearing the eyes, antennae, and mouth.
cerebrotonia An intellectual personality type characterised by emotional restraint and alertness: said to be correlated with an ectomorph body type.
cerements 1. A cerecloth for wrapping the dead. 2. Any graveclothes.
cerise A deep, bright red colour tinted with pink; Cherry-colored; a light bright red; applied to textile fabrics, especially silk.
certiorari A writ issuing from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review.
ceteris paribus Ceteris paribus or caeteris paribus is a Latin phrase, literally translated as "with other things the same," or "all other things being equal or held constant." It is an example of an ablative absolute and is commonly rendered in English as "all other things being equal." A prediction, or a statement about causal or logical connections between two states of affairs, is qualified by ceteris paribus in order to acknowledge, and to rule out, the possibility of other factors that could override the relationship between the antecedent and the consequent.
chalcolithic The Chalcolithic (χαλκός khalkos "copper" + λίθος lithos "stone") period or Copper Age period, also known as the Eneolithic/Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of bronze"), is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools.
chamfer In carpentry, cut away (a right-angled edge or corner) to make a symmetrical sloping edge.
chancel The space around the altar of a church for the clergy and sometimes the choir, often enclosed by a lattice or railing.
chancery 1. A court with jurisdiction in equity. 2. An office of archives for public or ecclesiastic records; a court of public records.
chandlery A store that sells nautical gear. A chandlery was originally the office in a medieval household responsible for wax and candles, as well as the room in which the candles were kept. It was headed by a chandler.
chanticleer Chanticleer, a rooster appearing in fables surrounding the fables of Reynard the Fox. The most famous of these is probably Chanticleer and the Fox, a version of which is told in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
chantry 1. An endowment for a priest or priests to celebrate masses for the founder's soul. 2. A chapel, altar, or other part of a church endowed for such a purpose.
chaplet 1. A flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes. 2. A string of beads, especially when making up five decades of the rosary.
charabanc A charabanc or "char-à-banc" is a type of horse-drawn vehicle or early motor coach, usually open-topped, common in Britain during the early part of the 20th century. It was especially popular for sight-seeing or "works outings" to the country or the seaside, organised by businesses once a year.
charnel house A vault or other building in which the bones of the dead are stored.
chasuble A long sleeveless vestment worn by a priest when celebrating Mass.
chatelaine The mistress of a castle or large household.
chevet French term for the east end of a Gothic church, comprising the choir, ambulatory, and radiating chapels.
chignon 1. A chignon, pronounced "sheen-yon," is a popular type of bun style. The word chignon comes from the French phrase "chignon du cou," which means nape of the neck. 2. A chignon is a temporary swelling left on an infant's head after a ventouse suction cap has been used to deliver him or her.
chiliad A group of 1000 things; a period of 1000 years; a millennium.
chiliastic Millenarian: relating to or believing in the millennium of peace and happiness.
chimera A chimera or chimaera is a single organism (usually an animal) that is composed of two or more different populations of genetically distinct cells that originated from different zygotes involved in sexual reproduction. If the different cells have emerged from the same zygote, the organism is called a mosaic. Chimeras are formed from at least four parent cells (two fertilized eggs or early embryos fused together). Each population of cells keeps its own character and the resulting organism is a mixture of tissues. Chimeras are typically seen in animals; there are some reports of human chimerism. This condition is either inherited, or it is acquired through the infusion of allogeneic hematopoietic cells during transplantation or transfusion. In nonidentical twins, chimerism occurs by means of blood-vessel anastomoses. The likelihood of offspring being a chimera is increased if it is created via in vitro fertilization. Chimeras can often breed, but the fertility and type of offspring depends on which cell line gave rise to the ovaries or testes; varying degrees of intersexuality may result if one set of cells is genetically female and another genetically male.
chine 1. The backbone or spine, especially of an animal. 2. The whole or a piece of the backbone of an animal with adjoining parts, especially for cooking.
chiromancy Palmistry or chiromancy (also spelled cheiromancy, Greek cheir (χειρ), "hand"; manteia (μαντεία), "divination"), is the art of characterization and foretelling the future through the study of the palm, also known as palm reading, or chirology.
chislic Chislic (or sometimes chislick) is a preparation of cubed red meat, usually deep-fried or grilled. It is virtually unknown outside the state of South Dakota in the USA.
chivvy To subject to harassment or verbal abuse.
chlorosis In medicine, chlorosis (also known as "green sickness") is a form of anemia named for the greenish tinge of the skin of a patient. Its symptoms included lack of energy, shortness of breath, dyspepsia, headaches, a capricious or scanty appetite and amenorrhoea.
choragus In ancient Greece, the leader of a group or festival; leader of a chorus.
chorea Any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs.
chthonic Pertaining to deities or spirits of the underworld, especially in relation to ancient Greek religion.
cicerone A guide who gives information about antiquities and places of interest to sightseers.
cimbalom A type of concert hammer dulcimer found primarily in the music of Eastern Europe.
cinch bug A small black and white insect (Blissus leucopterus) that is very destructive to grains and grasses.
cincture A band of material around the waist that strengthens a skirt or trousers.
Cipollino Cipollino (or Chipollino) is a fictional character from Gianni Rodari's eponymous Tale of Cipollino (Italian: Il romanzo di Cipollino), also known under its 1957 renamed title Adventures of Cipollino (Italian: Le avventure di Cipollino), a children's tale about political oppression.
Circassian 1. A native or inhabitant of Circassia. Circassians is a term derived from the Turkic Cherkess (Çerkes) and is not the self-designation of any people. It has sometimes been applied indiscriminately to all the peoples of the North Caucasus, including the Mamluks. Also called Adyghe. 2. A group of North Caucasian languages including Kabardian.
clade A group of biological taxa or species that share features inherited from a common ancestor.
cladistics Cladistics, from the ancient Greek κλάδος, klados, "branch", is the hierarchical classification of species based on phylogeny or evolutionary ancestry.
cladogram A cladogram is a diagram used in cladistics which shows ancestral relations between organisms, to represent the evolutionary tree of life.
claque 1. A group of people hired to attend a performance and to either applaud or boo. 2. A group of people who pre-arrange among themselves to express strong support for an idea, so as to give the false impression of a wider consensus. 3. A group of fawning admirers.
clathrate A clathrate, clathrate compound or cage compound is a chemical substance consisting of a lattice of one type of molecule trapping and containing a second type of molecule.
claustral Cloistral; cloisterlike.
clave Clave is a rhythmic pattern used as a tool for temporal organization in Afro-Cuban music, such as salsa.
clerestory Clerestory (lit. clear storey, also clearstory, clearstorey, or overstorey) is an architectural term that historically denoted an upper level of a Roman basilica or of the nave of a Romanesque or Gothic church, the walls of which rise above the rooflines of the lower aisles and are pierced with windows. In modern usage, clerestory refers to any high windows above eye level. In either case, the purpose is to bring outside light, fresh air, or both into the inner space.
clerihew A humorous verse, usually consisting of two unmatched rhyming couplets, about a person whose name generally serves as one of the rhymes.
clientilism Refers to a form of social organization common in many developing regions characterized by "patron-client" relationships. In such places, relatively powerful and rich "patrons" promise to provide relatively powerless and poor "clients" with jobs, protection, infrastructure, and other benefits in exchange for votes and other forms of loyalty including labor.
clishmaclaver Scotland gossip: casual chat or gossip (informal).
clonazepam Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and anxiolytic properties. It is marketed by Roche under the trade-names Klonopin in the United States, and Ravotril in Chile. Other names like Rivotril or Rivatril are known throughout the large majority of the rest of the world. Clonazepam is generally considered to be among the long-acting benzodiazepines. Clonazepam is a chlorinated derivative of nitrazepam and therefore a nitrobenzodiazepine. Benzodiazepines such as clonazepam have a fast onset of action and high effectiveness rate and low toxicity in overdose but have drawbacks due to adverse reactions including paradoxical effects, drowsiness, cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairments can persist for at least 6 months after withdrawal of clonazepam; it is unclear whether full recovery of memory functions occurs. Other long-term effects of benzodiazepines include tolerance, a benzodiazepine dependence as well as a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome occurs in a third of people treated with clonazepam for longer than 4 weeks. Clonazepam is classified as a high potency benzodiazepine and is sometimes used as a second line treatment of epilepsy. Clonazepam like other benzodiazepines while being first line treatments for acute seizures are not first line for the long-term treatment of seizures due to the development of tolerance to the anticonvulsant effects. The benzodiazepine clorazepate may be preferred over clonazepam due to a slower onset of tolerance and availability in slow release formulation to counter fluctuations in blood levels. Clonazepam is also used for the treatment of panic disorder. The pharmacological properties of clonazepam as with other benzodiazepines is the enhancement of the neurotransmitter GABA via modulation of the GABAA receptor.
clostridium Any of several mostly anaerobic gram-positive bacteria, of the genus Clostridium, that are present in the soil and in the intestines of humans and animals.
clozapine Clozapine (sold as Clozaril, Leponex, Fazaclo, Froidir; Denzapine, Zaponex in the UK; Klozapol in Poland, Clopine in NZ/Aus) is an antipsychotic medication used in the treatment of schizophrenia.
cockchafer A large brown European beetle that flies at dusk and often crashes into lighted windows. The adults are damaging to foliage and flowers, and the larvae are a pest of cereal and grass roots.
cocotte 1. Prostitute: a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money. 2. A small casserole in which individual portions can be cooked and served.
codswallop Nonsense.
cognitive bias A cognitive bias describes a replicable pattern in perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, or what is broadly called irrationality. Cognitive biases are the result of distortions in the human mind that always lead to the same pattern of poor judgment, often triggered by a particular situation. Identifying "poor judgment," or more precisely, a "deviation in judgment," requires a standard for comparison, i.e. "good judgment." In scientific investigations of cognitive bias, the source of "good judgment" is that of people outside the situation hypothesized to cause the poor judgment or, if possible, a set of independently verifiable facts. Cognitive biases are influenced by evolution and natural selection pressure. Some are presumably adaptive and beneficial, for example, because they lead to more effective actions in given contexts or enable faster decisions, when faster decisions are of greater value for reproductive success and survival. Others presumably result from a lack of appropriate mental mechanisms, i.e. a general fault in human brain structure, from the misapplication of a mechanism that is adaptive (beneficial) under different circumstances, or simply from noisy mental processes. Despite several decades of effort, no comprehensive theory of what creates these biases has emerged. This is why it is not straightforward to group and categorize them, and this results in what has been called "a grab bag of heuristics and biases, with no quantitative psychological theory describing the underlying processes." A 2012 Psychological Bulletin article suggested that at least eight seemingly unrelated biases can be produced by the same information-theoretic generative mechanism that assumes noisy information processing during storage and retrieval of information in human memory.
cognomen Surname; the third part of the name of a citizen of ancient Rome; a nickname or epithet by which someone is identified; a moniker or sobriquet.
collation A light, informal meal.
colophon 1. In manuscripts (typically before the invention of printing), the note, usually at the end, left by the scribe who copied it, giving information on his exemplar, where and when the copy was made, and sometimes, his own name. 2. A printer's or publisher's identifying inscription or logo appearing at the end of a book, or the same appearing on the spine or dust-jacket. 3. Colophon (Greek ) was a city in the region of Lydia in antiquity dating from about the turn of the first millennium-BC. 4. A small genus of beetle in the "stag beetle" family Lucanidae.
comitadji The term Komitadji (also known as Comitadji or Komitaji) (Macedonian Комити; Romanian: Comitagiu; from Turkish: Komitacı, "a rebel, member of a secret revolutionary society") refers to members of Macedonian rebel bands operating in the Balkans during the final period of the Ottoman Empire, fighting against Turkish authorities and rival Greek and Serbian groups. The term is often employed to refer to groups associated with the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization and the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.
comitium The comitium (Comizio) was the nerve center of the forum valley in ancient Republican Rome. It had major religious and prophetic significance. It was the location for all political and judicial activity of the early Roman Kingdom and Republic.
commisure Site of union of corresponding parts, e.g. the corner of the mouth, where the vermillion border of the superior labium (upper lip) meets that of the inferior labium (lower lip).
comorbid Existing simultaneously with and usually independently of another medical condition.
conatus Conatus (Latin for effort; endeavor; impulse, inclination, tendency; undertaking; striving) is a term used in early philosophies of psychology and metaphysics to refer to an innate inclination of a thing to continue to exist and enhance itself.
concha 1. Any of various structures, such as the external ear, that resemble a shell in shape. 2. The half dome over an apse.
conciliar Of, pertaining to or issued by a council.
concinnity The skillful and harmonious arrangement or fitting together of the different parts of something.
condign Fitting or appropriate and deserved; used especially of punishment; "condign censure."
congener 1. A thing or person of the same kind or category as another. 2. An animal or plant of the same genus as another.
consistory 1. Primarily, a place of standing or staying together; hence, any solemn assembly or council. 2. The spiritual court of a diocesan bishop held before his chancellor or commissioner in his cathedral church or elsewhere. 3. An assembly of prelates; a session of the college of cardinals at Rome. 4. A church tribunal or governing body.
constable A person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. The office of constable can vary significantly in different jurisdictions.
contralto A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type. The contralto's vocal range is fairly rare; similar to, but different from the alto, and almost identical to that of a countertenor, typically between the F below middle C (F3 in scientific pitch notation) to the second F above middle C (F5), although at the extremes some voices can reach the E below middle C (E3) or the second B♭ above middle C (B♭5). The contralto voice type is generally divided into the coloratura, lyric, and dramatic contralto.
contumacious Stubbornly perverse or rebellious; willfully and obstinately disobedient.
copolymer A heteropolymer or copolymer is a polymer derived from two (or more) monomeric species, as opposed to a homopolymer where only one monomer is used.
corbel A projection jutting out from a wall to support a structure above it.
cornel Any tree or shrub of the genus Cornus, i.e., dogwood, especially C. mas, the Western European cornel; the cherry-like fruit of such plants, certain of which are edible, often termed a cornelian cherry or cornel cherry.
corniche Road on the side of a cliff or mountain, with the ground rising on one side and falling away on the other.
correlogram In the analysis of data, a correlogram is an image of correlation statistics.
corrole A corrole is an aromatic organic chemical, the structure of which is in the form of the corrin ring, which is also present in cobalamin (vitamin B12). The ring consists of nineteen carbon atoms, with four nitrogen atoms in the core of the molecule. Corrole normally serves as a trianionic ligand with transition metals. Corroles can be obtained in organic synthesis by a condensation reaction of a benzaldehyde with pyrrole in a water / methanol / hydrochloric acid mixture to an open-ring bilane (or tetrapyrrane) followed by oxidation and ring closure with p-chloranil.
corvette A flush-decked warship of the 17th-18th centuries having a single tier of guns; it ranked next below a frigate; called in the United States navy a sloop of war.
cosmogony The study of the origin, and sometimes the development, of the universe or the solar system, in astrophysics, religion, and other fields.
costive 1. Constipated. 2. Slow or reluctant in speech or action; unforthcoming.
couch-grass A grass with long, creeping roots that is often regarded as a weed.
coup de main A swift attack which relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow.
courgette A small variety of vegetable marrow, cooked and eaten as a vegetable, e.g. zucchini.
cozen To cheat; to defraud; to beguile; to deceive, usually by small arts, or in a pitiful way.
cremains A shortened, elided version of cremated remains.
crenelated Having crenellations or battlements; having a series of square indentations.
crenulated Having a margin which is finely notched, scalloped, embayed, or incised in a regular pattern.
creole 1. In the West Indies and Spanish America, one born in the region but of European, usually Spanish, ancestry. 2. (esp. in Louisiana) A person born in the region but of French ancestry.
crepitance Crepitance is a grating or crackling sound, such as might be made by the two ends of a broken bone rubbing against each other.
crepitate To make a crackling sound, as heard in certain conditions such as the rale heard in pneumonia or the grating sound heard on movement of ends of a broken bone.
crepitus A grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or the fractured parts of a bone.
cretonne Originally a strong, white fabric with a hempen warp and linen weft.
cribriform Perforated, as in the manner of a sieve.
criminogenic Producing or tending to produce crime or criminality.
crinoline 1. A stiff fabric made from cotton and horsehair. 2. A stiff petticoat made from this fabric. 3. A skirt stiffened with hoops.
crofter A croft is a fenced or enclosed area of land, usually small and arable with a crofter's dwelling thereon. A crofter is one who has tenure and use of the land.
croup Croup is a group of respiratory diseases that often affect infants and children under age 6. It is characterized by a barking cough; a whistling, obstructive sound (stridor) as the child breathes in; and hoarseness due to obstruction in the region of the larynx.
cruppers A strap buckled to the back of a saddle and looped under the horse's tail to prevent the saddle or harness from slipping forward.
cruse A utensil; a flask or cup for holding water.
cryptomnesia The return of a forgotten memory without it being recognized as such by the subject, who believes it is something new and original. It is a memory bias whereby a person may falsely recall generating a thought, an idea, a song, or a joke, not deliberately engaging in plagiarism but rather experiencing a memory as if it were a new inspiration.
Csárdás Csárdás is a traditional Hungarian folk dance, the name derived from csárda (old Hungarian term for tavern). It originated in Hungary and was popularized by Roma music (Cigány) bands in Hungary and neighboring lands of Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Burgenland, Croatia, Ukraine, Transylvania and Moravia, as well as among the Banat Bulgarians, including those in Bulgaria.
cui bono Utility, advantage, or self-interest considered as the determinant of value or motivation.
cuirass A piece of defensive armor, covering the body from the neck to the girdle.
cuivré In horn music, refers to the "brassy" technique of playing.
curiosa Curiosities, esp. erotic or pornographic books or articles.
curvet Of a horse, to perform a leap where both hind legs come off the ground.
cuspidor Spittoon: a receptacle for spit (usually in a public place).
cybernetics Cybernetics is the interdisciplinary study of the structure of regulatory systems. Cybernetics is closely related to control theory and systems theory.
cycloid A line generated by a point on a circle rolling along a straight line.
cyclothymia A condition which causes mild hypomanic and depressive episodes. It is defined in the bipolar spectrum. Specifically, this disorder is a milder form of bipolar II disorder consisting of recurrent mood disturbances between hypomania and dysthymic mood. A single episode of hypomania is sufficient to diagnose cyclothymic disorder; however, most individuals also have dysthymic periods. The diagnosis of cyclothymic disorder is not made when there is a history of mania or major depressive episode or mixed episode. The lifetime prevalence of cyclothymic disorder is 0.4-1%. The rate appears equal in men and women, though women more often seek treatment.
cynology The study of matters related to canines or domestic dogs.
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