Firinn Taisdeal


badinage Light, playful banter or raillery.
bafflegab Language whose purpose is to obscure, confuse, or mislead.
baize A coarse cotton or woollen material, usually coloured bright green, used to imitate felt. Commonly used as covering on snooker tables and as a protective cushioning layer on the underside of heavy objects.
baldacchino A baldachin, or baldaquin (from Italian: baldacchino), is a canopy of state over an altar or throne. It had its beginnings as a cloth canopy, but in other cases it is a sturdy, permanent architectural feature, particularly over high altars in cathedrals, where such a structure may be called a ciborium when it is sufficiently architectural in form.
Banat 1. The Banat is a geographical and historical region in Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the eastern part lies in Romania (the counties of Timiş, Caraş-Severin, Arad south of the Mureş/Maros river, and Mehedinţi), the western part in Serbia (the Serbian Banat, mostly included in the Vojvodina region, except for a small part included in Central Serbia), and a small northern part in Hungary (Csongrád county). It is populated by Romanians, Serbs, Hungarians, Roma, Germans, Krashovans, Ukrainians, Slovaks, Czechs, Croats and other ethnicities. 2. The Serbian Banat was a political entity established after occupation and partition of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers. It existed from 1941 to 1944.
bantling An infant or young child.
bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity.
barmakids (Persian: 'برمکیان Barmakīyān; Arabic: البرامكة al-barāmika, also called Barmecides‎) a noble Persian family which came to great political power under the Abbasid caliphs.
baronial 1. Baron is a specific title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin (liber) baro meaning "(free) man, (free) warrior"; it merged with cognate Old English beorn meaning "nobleman." 2. A style of envelope that has a large pointed seal flap. Baronial style envelope is usually close to being square; however, the flap and paper used are the most distinguishing feature. The most common present usage is for greeting cards or social stationery.
barouche A horse-drawn carriage having four wheels; has an outside seat for the driver and facing inside seats for two couples and a folding top.
barratry 1. Vexatious litigation or incitement to it. 2. Trade in the sale of church or state appointments.
barycentric Refers to the barycenter, or center of mass, of a system. In the case of the solar system, this is usually, but not always, inside the Sun. The barycentric corrections are similar to the heliocentric corrections, but are used when more accuracy is required.
bass bar In a string instrument, the bass bar is a brace running from the foot of the neck to a position under the bridge, which bears much of the tension of the strings.
bast Bast fibre (fiber) or skin fibre is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark" or the skin) or bast surrounding the stem of certain, mainly dicotyledonic, plants.
bastide A fortified town of the Middle Ages, mainly in the south of France. Bastides were built mainly between 1229 and 1373, between the Albigensian Crusade and the Hundred Years' War. Today, there are about 400 bastides. They all have a central square, and a rectangular street layout. On the market square, the houses have arcades. They were usually built in places that were easy to defend, such as the top of a hill or on a plain.
bastinado A form of torture in which the soles of the feet are beaten with whips or cudgels.
bastion A bastion is a structure projecting outward from the main enclosure of a fortification, situated in both corners of a straight wall (termed curtain), facilitating active defense against assaulting troops.
batman A batman (or batwoman) is a soldier or airman assigned to a commissioned officer as a personal servant.
bedight Adorned.
beechmast The nuts of the beech tree.
begehren sehnlich wünschen, heftig verlangen, nach etwas Verlangen haben
begum A Muslim woman of high rank in India or Pakistan.
Beharrlichkeit Ausdauer, Hartnäckigkeit
belvedere An architectural term adopted from Italian (literally "fair view"), which refers to any architectural structure sited to take advantage of such a view. A belvedere may be built in the upper part of a building so as to command a fine view.
beneffectance The tendency for self to be perceived as effective in achieving desired ends while avoiding undesired ones; taking credit while avoiding blame.
bespoke Of goods, esp. clothing, made to order: "a bespoke suit." Of a trader, making such goods: "bespoke tailors."
bewahrheiten sich als wahr erweisen, herausstellen
bey 1. A provincial governor in the Ottoman Empire. 2. (formerly) A title of respect for Turkish dignitaries.
bezel A band of metal containing a groove and a flange (i.e. projecting lip) holding a watch crystal or gemstone in its setting. This was the earliest method of setting gemstones into jewelry. An extension of the word used in this sense can refer to a rotatable rim on a clock or watch used to indicate certain data such as elapsed time.
bezique A card game developed in France in the seventeenth century from the game piquet, which gained its greatest popularity in Britain in the mid-nineteenth century.
bibacity The practice or habit of drinking too much; tippling.
bicinium In music of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras, a bicinium (pl. bicinia) was a composition for only two parts, especially one with a pedagogical purpose.
bidarka A one- or two-hole kayak used by the Aleut and various Alaskan Eskimo groups.
binnacle A case or box on the deck of a ship, generally mounted in front of the helmsman, in which navigational instruments are placed for easy and quick reference as well as to protect the delicate instruments.
bioclastic Containing grains composed of fragmented and transported organic material, eg. shell fragments.
biomarker A substance used as an indicator of a biological state, most commonly disease.
biretta A square cap with three flat projections on top, worn by Roman Catholic clergymen.
bisbigliando [It. whispering]. A soft tremolo performed on a harp by lightly and rapidly moving fingers back and forth across the strings.
bissextile The Julian calendar, which was developed in 46 BC by Julius Caesar, and became effective in 45 BC, distributed an extra ten days among the months of the Roman Republican calendar. Caesar also replaced the intercalary month by a single intercalary day, located where the intercalary month used to be. To create the intercalary day, the existing ante diem sextum Kalendas Martii (February 24) was doubled, producing ante diem bis sextum Kalendas Martii. Hence, the year containing the doubled day was a bissextile (bis sextum, "twice sixth") year.
Bizerta Bizerte or Bizerta (Arabic: بنزرت‎; transliterated: Banzart; Italian: Biserta) is a capital city of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It has a population of 114,371 (2004 census).
blepharitis Swelling or inflammation of the eyelids, usually where the eyelash hair follicles are located.
blepharospasm A physiological condition characterized by recurring involuntary twitches or closing of the eyelids.
bodega 1. A grocery store in a Spanish-speaking neighborhood. 2. A wineshop or wine cellar.
boffin In the slang of the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, boffins are scientists, engineers, and other people who are stereotypically seen as engaged in technical or scientific research. American equivalent is "Egghead."
bogey 1. An evil spirit. 2. A score of one stroke over par on a hole. 3. An unidentified (and possibly enemy) aircraft.
Bogomilism Bogomilism (Богомилство) is the Gnostic dualistic sect, the synthesis of Armenian Paulicianism and the Bulgarian Orthodox Church reform movement, which emerged in Bulgaria between 927 and 970 and spread into Byzantine Empire, Kievan Rus', Serbia, Bosnia, Croatia, Italy and France.
bolide A bolide (French via Latin from the Greek βολίς bolís, "missile") is an extremely bright meteor, especially one that explodes in the atmosphere. In astronomy, it refers to a fireball about as bright as the full moon, and it is generally considered a synonym for a fireball.
bollard A bollard is a short vertical post typically found where large ships dock. Bollards are arranged in a line to obstruct the passage of motor vehicles.
bolometer Thermal detector which changes its electrical resistance as a function of the radiant energy striking it.
bombardon The name given to the bass and contrabass of the brass wind in military bands, called in the orchestra bass tuba.
booboisie A social class made up of ignorant and uncultured people.
bootblack A person who polishes shoes and boots.
borsalino Borsalino is the name of a hat company known particularly for its fedoras.
boscage 1. A place set with trees or mass of shrubbery, a grove or thicket. 2. Mast-nuts of forest trees, used as food for pigs, or any such sustenance as wood and trees yield to cattle. 3. Among painters, the term is used for a picture depicting a wooded scene.
bouché 1. In horn music, refers to the "stopped horn" style of playing. 2. The small corner cut into the top of the shield to accommodate the lance, not popular until the 15th century.
boulevardier A man who frequents the boulevards; thus, a man about town or bon vivant.
bourne 1. A boundary. 2. A goal or destination. 3. A stream or brook in which water flows only seasonally.
bout The curved portions above (upper bout) and below (lower bout) a guitar's "waist." From a frontal perspective, the upper bout would be the guitar's "shoulders" and the lower bout would be its "hips."
boutade An outbreak; a caprice; a whim. [Obs.]
bowdlerize To remove those parts of a text considered offensive, vulgar, or otherwise unseemly.
boyar 1. A member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank depend on state service. 2. A member of a former privileged class in Rumania.
brachistochrone A Brachistochrone curve (Gr. βραχίστος, brachistos - the shortest, χρόνος, chronos - time), or curve of fastest descent, is the curve between two points that is covered in the least time by a body that starts at the first point with zero speed and is constrained to move along the curve to the second point, under the action of constant gravity and assuming no friction.
bradycardia Abnormally slow heart action.
brazier A brazier is a container for fire, generally taking the form of an upright standing or hanging metal bowl or box. Used for holding burning coal as well as fires, a brazier allows for a source of light, heat, or cooking.
brazing The joining together of two metal pieces, without melting them, using heat and diffusion of a jointing alloy of capillary thickness.
breachclout A breechcloth, or breechclout, is a form of loincloth consisting in a strip of material–usually a narrow rectangle–passed between the thighs and held up in front and behind by a belt or string. Often, the flaps hang down in front and back.
bricolage (in art or literature) Construction or creation from a diverse range of available things.
brogan A thick and heavy shoe.
brolly (British) Colloquial term for an umbrella.
brumation The hibernation-like state that cold-blooded animals utilize during very cold weather.
brutum fulmen Latin: inert thunder. It refers to an empty threat or charge, or a void judgment which is in legal effect no judgment at all.
bruxism The involuntary or habitual grinding of the teeth, typically during sleep.
buccula Double chin: a fold of fatty tissue under the chin.
buckboard A buckboard is a four-wheeled wagon of simple construction meant to be drawn by a horse or other large animal.
buckler A buckler (French bouclier 'shield', from Old French bocle, boucle 'boss') is a small shield, 15 to 45 cm (6 in to 18 in) in diameter, gripped in the fist; it was generally used as a companion weapon in hand-to-hand combat during the Medieval and Renaissance, as its size made it poor protection against missile weapons (e.g., arrows) but useful in deflecting the blow of an opponent's sword or mace. There are two major forms of medievally documented bucklers. The first is a simple round shield with the fist positioned directly behind the boss with a variety of shapes of face and depths of rim. These could also have projections from the top and bottom as in Hans Talhoffer's Fechtbücher or serrated rings around the boss as in one example in the Wallace Collection. The second major form is a corrugated rectangle as suggested by Achille Marozzo in his Opera Nova.
buckram A stiff cloth, made of cotton, and still occasionally linen, which is used to cover and protect books.
Bukovina Bukovina (Буковина/Bukovyna; Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. It is currently split between Romania and Ukraine.
bulbul 1. Nightingale spoken of in Persian poetry. 2. Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae) are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds. Many forest species are known as greenbuls. The family is distributed across most of Africa and into the Middle East, tropical Asia to Indonesia, and north as far as Japan.
bunkum Senseless talk; nonsense; any bombastic political posturing or an oratorical display not accompanied by conviction; speechmaking designed for show or public applause.
burgomaster The mayor, or head magistrate, of a town in The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and certain other countries.
burnoose A burnous (also spelled burnoose, or bournous; from the Berber and Maghribi Arabic burnus) is a long cloak of coarse woollen fabric with a hood, usually white in color, worn by Berbers and the Arabs throughout North Africa.
busker A person who entertains people for money in public places (as by singing or dancing), usually while asking for money.
buttonhole To detain (a person) in conversation against their will.
butyl mercaptan Butanethiol, also known as butyl mercaptan, is a volatile, clear to yellowish liquid with a foetid (extremely foul-smelling) odor, commonly described as "skunk" odor. In fact, butanethiol is structurally similar to several major constituents of a skunk's defensive spray.
byre A barn, especially one used for keeping cattle.
byrne Corselet, coat of mail.
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